Assignment 3 (6 Questions) Solution

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QUESTION 1 (15 Marks) Remove Line Numbers in a File

Some lines in the file have a line number, as shown in the following figure. A line number is the first word in the line. A line number is delimited by one or more whitespace characters. A line number may also be preceded with one or more whitespace characters. Write a program that prompts the user to enter a file name, reads the lines from the file, and replaces the line numbers in the file with appropriate numbers of spaces. For example, you need to replace the line number 2 with one space and line number 34 with two spaces, and you should keep the two spaces preceding line number 34. Name your class file as RemoveLineNumber.java. You do not need to submit the .txt file that you use to test your program.

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Hints:

  1. You can create a .txt file with the above example to test your program. When running your test program, you should give the file path starting from the working directory. The default working directory in NetBeans is your project folder. Thus, you should give the file path starting from your project folder. Alternatively, you may put your

.txt file in the project folder. Then you can simply use the file name when running your program.

  1. To remove the line numbers, you may need to use String methods trim(), matches(), and split(). Check the URL https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/api/java/ lang/String.html for more information about these methods. Please note that split()

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has an overloaded version with a second parameter, which might be useful in this ques-tion. And please also note that matches() and split() accept regular expressions as their parameters.

QUESTION 2 (25 Marks) Abstract Classes & Exception Han-dling

The GeometricObject, Circle and Rectangle classes are given for this question. You may need to make necessary changes to the classes other than what is mentioned below. As a sum-mary, the files in your submission for this question should at least include: GeometricObject.java, Circle.java, Rectangle.java, Triangle.java, TestTriangleWithException.java, and TestLarger.java. Please bundle the above files and your class files in a folder named Assignment3Question3.

PART I: (5 Marks)

Declare the getPerimeter() and getArea() methods in the GeometricObject class. These two methods should be declared as abstract because they cannot be im-plemented in the GeometricObject class. Override and implement getPerimeter() and getArea() in the subclasses Circle and Rectangle. Override and implement toString() method in Circle class as:

return “Circle: radius = ” + radius;

and in Rectangle class as:

return “Rectangle: width = ” + width + “, height = ” + height;

Use @Override annotation for all overridden methods.

PART II: (10 Marks)

Design and implement a class named Triangle that extends GeometricObject. The class contains:

  • Three double data fields named side1, side2, and side3 with default values 1.0 to denote three sides of a triangle.

  • A no-arg constructor that creates a default triangle.

  • A constructor that creates a triangle with the specified side1, side2, and side3.

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  • Override and implement the abstract methods getPerimeter() and getArea()

in GeometricObject class.

(Hint: The area of a triangle is given by pp(p side1)(p side2)(p side3)

where p is half the perimeter, that is, p = side1+side2+side3.)

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  • Override and implement the toString() method as:

return “Triangle: side1 = ” + side1 + “, side2 = ” + side2

    • “, side3 = ” + side3;

Use @Override annotation for all overridden methods.

In a triangle, the sum of any two sides is greater than the other side. The Triangle class must adhere to this rule. Create the IllegalTriangleException class and mod-ify the constructor of the Triangle class to throw an IllegalTriangleException object if a triangle is created with sides that violate the rule. The constructor of IllegalTriangleException must encapsulate all three sides of the triangle and a string message, as follows:

public IllegalTriangleException(double side1, double side2, double side3, String message)

Write a test program TestTriangleWithException to test your Triangle class and IllegalTriangleException by creating two objects of Triangle with one of them violating the rule. Print the perimeter and area of the legal triangle. Print the sides and string message of the illegal triangle from the IllegalTriangleException caught. You may need additional methods in IllegalTriangleException other than what is mentioned above. Format your output to two decimal places. A sample run is as follows:

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PART III: (10 Marks)

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Implement a static method called larger that takes two geometric objects of the same type as arguments and returns the object with larger area. If the two objects have the same area, the method returns null. If the two geometric objects are not of the same type, the method throws DifferentTypeException. DifferentTypeException is a user-defined exception. Define it for your larger method. The method signature or larger is as follows:

static GeometricObject larger(GeometricObject g1, GeometricObject g2) throws DifferentTypeException

Write a test program called TestLarger. Implement larger method in TestLarger and test if your larger method works properly. Create different types of geometric objects to invoke the larger method. You should test your larger method with two circles, two rectangles, two triangles, and two different object types which should throw DifferentTypeException. Print out appropriate details about the object returned by larger method such as radius, width, height, sides, perimeter, and area. Format your output to two decimal places. A sample output is as follows:

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Please note that you are not allowed to overload larger method to accommodate Circle, Rectangle and Triangle. You must test whether the two geometric objects are of the same type in your larger method and throw DifferentTypeException in the case of different types.

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QUESTION 3 (15 Marks) Interfaces

Design a class named Point that meets the following requirements:

  • Two data fields x and y for representing a point with getter methods

  • A no-arg constructor that constructs a point for (0; 0)

  • A constructor that constructs a point with the specified x and y values

  • Override the equals method. Point p1 is said to be equal to point p2 if p1.x == p2.x and p1.y == p2.y

  • Implement the Comparable<Point> interface and the compareTo method. Point p1 is said to be greater than p2 if p1.x > p2.x or if p1.x == p2.x and p1.y > p2.y

  • Override the toString method to return a string as [x value, y value]

  • Implement the Cloneable interface and clone method

Use @Override annotation for all overridden methods. Test your program using the following code:

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Name your test class file as TestPoint.java.

QUESTION 4 (15 Marks) Characters Around Circle

Write a program that displays a string “Welcome to Java “ around a circle, as shown in Figure 1. Note there is a space at the end of the string. Name you file as CharactersAroundCircle.java. Hint: Create a Text instance for each character.

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You need to display each character in the right location with appropriate rotation using a loop.

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Figure 1: A string is displayed around the circle

QUESTION 5 (15 Marks) Draw A Detailed Clock

Modify the ClockPane class discussed in the lecture to draw the clock with more details on the hours and minutes, as shown in Figure 2. Name the class as DetailedClockPane.

Write DetailedClockPane by modifying ClockPane. Do not let DetailedClockPane extend ClockPane. Write a complete DetailedClockPane class by providing proper constructors, setter and getter methods, and other methods necessary in your imple-mentation. Include your test program (name it as TestDetailedClockPane) in your submission. The file ClockPane.java is given.

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Figure 2: A detailed clock

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QUESTION 6 (15 Marks) Racing Car

Write a program that simulates car racing, as shown in Figure 3(a). The car moves from left to right. When it hits the right end, it restarts from the left and continues the same process. You can use a timer to control animation. Redraw the car with a new base point (x; y), as shown in Figure 3(b). Also let the user pause/resume the animation with a button press/release and increase/decrease the car speed by pressing the UP and DOWN arrow keys. Name your test class as RacingCar.java.

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  1. The program displays a moving car. (b) You can redraw a car with a new base point.

Figure 3: Racing car

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