Assignment 4 Prolog Solution

$30.00

Description

Problem 1 : Four boys (Don, Ding, Daod, Deep) and four girls (Kate, Kari, Kim, Kejal) must pair up as one boy and one girl and each pair must program in one of four languages (Pascal, Perl, Python, Prolog). No two pairs will program in the same language. Furthermore, we must respect their individual likes and dislikes given by the following constraints:

  1. Kejal programs only in Python but Kate does not program in Python.

  2. Don programs only in Pascal and Daod does not program in Prolog.

  3. Neither Kim nor Kari nor Deep programs in Perl.

  4. Ding cannot be with Kim, Kari, or Kejal.

  5. Kari cannot be with Don, and Kate cannot be with Don or Daod.

Write a Prolog program to determine the members of each team and their programming language. The outline of your solution is given below; your task is to define one Prolog rule for each of the five constraints given above. The answer to the problem is a Prolog list of four triples of the form team(Boy,Girl,Language).

solve(Ans):-

Ans = [team(_,_, pascal), team(_,_, perl), team(_,_, python), team(_,_, prolog)],

constraint1(Ans),

constraint2(Ans),

constraint3(Ans),

constraint4(Ans),

constraint5(Ans).

For example, the definition of constraint1 would be:

constraint1(Ans) :-

member(team(_, kejal, python), Ans), member(team(_, kate, PL), Ans), PL \== python.

Starter code is posted on Piazza in a file called teams.pl. Extend this file in developing your solution.

Problem 2 : The function calls appearing in a program can be represented by a Prolog relation calls(F,L), which states that function F makes a direct call to each function listed in L. For example, we might have the following facts.

calls(f, [g]).

calls(g, [h,k]).

calls(h, [f]).

calls(k, [m]).

Here, function g makes a direct call to h and k. Indirectly, all calls emanating from g are h, k, f, g, and m. The functions f, g, and h are all recursive, but k is not. Function m is called but is undefined because it does not appear in the first argument of any fact.

Assuming that a database of calls facts are given, define the following Prolog predicates:

  1. callers(F,L): Given function F as input, return in L the list of all functions that make a direct call to F.

  1. undefined(L): Return in L the list of all functions that are called but have no definition in the database.

  1. recursive(F): Given a function F as input, return true/false indicating whether F is recursive.

  2. all_calls(F,L): Given function F as input, return in L the list of all functions

that F calls directly or indirectly.

The database of calls and starter code is posted on Piazza in a file called analyzer.pl. Extend this file in developing your solution.

Problem 3 : Making use of the above predicates, implement a Call Graph Analyzer for Tiny PL programs by making some extensions to the Tiny PL parser which will be given to you. Details to be communicated in a few days. The Tiny PL program will be in a file called defs.txt and the parser in a file called tinypl.pl.

WHAT TO SUBMIT:

Problem 1 : Make a directory called A4_Prob1_UBITId if working solo or make a directory called A4_Prob1_UBITId1_UBITId2 if working as a pair (give UBITId’s in alphabetic order). Put teams.pl in this directory, compress the directory, and submit it using the submit_cse505 command.

Problems 2-3 : Make a directory called A4_Prob23_UBITId if working solo or make a directory called A4_Prob23_UBITId1_UBITId2 if working as a pair (give UBITId’s in alphabetic order). Put defs.txt, analyzer.pl, and tinypl.pl in this directory, compress the directory, and submit it using the submit_cse505 command.

End of Assignment 4