HOMEWORK #6 Solution

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Description

Be sure to include your name at the beginning of each file! Assignment 6 includes a programming portion and a written part. The programming portion must compile and consist of a single file (hw06.cpp). The written portion should consist of a single file (hw06written.pdf ). It must be in a .pdf format. Be sure to include your name at the beginning of each file! You must hand in the file via NYU Classes.

Programming Part:

1. Add the following methods1 to the List class:

(a) The copy constructor, List( const List & rhs ). This method must take O(n) time. (b) The method front( ). It performs as stated in

www.cplusplus.com/reference/forward_list/forward_list/front/ This method must take O(1) time.

(c) The method merge( List & alist). It performs as stated in

www.cplusplus.com/reference/forward_list/forward_list/merge/

(d) The method remove adjacent duplicates( ). The method removes any element if it is adjacent to a node containing the same item2 . Thus if the list contained a, a, a, b, b, c, c, c, c afterwards it would contain a, b, c. If the list contains a, b, a, b, a then afterwards it contains a, b, a, b, a (i.e. no change, since no items adjacent to each other were the same).

(e) The method insert after( iterator pos, Object && x) which moves x into a new node which is located after pos. Your method must run in O(1) time.

(f) Themethod remove if( Predicate pred ) that performs as stated in www.cplusplus.com/reference/forward_list/forward_list/remove_if/ This method must run in O(n) time. Your method should call your method erase after.

A simplified version of the List class is in a file simple-list.cpp. We will test your code by including it in a driver program that uses the methods you implemented. You must test your code by writing and executing your own driver. Remember to hand in your driver code for any programming assignment.

2. Efficiently implement3 a queue class called Queue using a singly linked lists, with no header node or tail node (i.e. nodes that contain no data). Your class should have the methods: front, back, empty, enqueue, dequeue.

3. (Extra Credit) Suppose that a doubly linked list class, Dlist is implemented with both a head and a tail node.

Write amethod4 to remove all nodes containing x.

template<class Object>

void DList::remove(const Object & x)

AsimplifiedversionoftheDList class is in a file simple-doubly-linked-list.cpp.

WrittenPart:

1. Draw the conceptual representation for our implementation of a link list (include the header) containing a single item A.

2. For the programming questions in 1 (except 1a)

• draw pictures showing how the links change (or don’t change) for programming questions

• provide the pseudo code for the methods

3. For each of the following, determine if the iterator is valid.

vector<int> A = {1,2,3,4,5}; vector<int> B; vector<int>::iterator vItr; list<int> C = {1, 2,3,4,5}; list<int> D; list<int>::iterator lItr;

(a) B = A;

vItr = B.begin(); B.erase(B.begin()+1);

(b) B = A;

vItr = B.begin()+2; B.erase(B.begin()+1);

(c) D = C;

lItr = C.begin(); C.erase(++C.begin());

(d) D = C;

lItr = ++D.begin();

++lItr

D.erase(++D.begin());

4. Which of the following code snippets are valid? If the code snippet is invalid, state why. (a) list<int> l;

list<int>::iterator lIter;

l.push_back(200);

lIter = l.begin();

for (int i = 1; i < 100; ++i)

l.push_front(i);

for (int i = 1; i < 100; ++i)

l.push_back(-i);

cout << *lIter << endl;

(b) list<int> l; list<int>::iterator lIter1; list<int>::iterator lIter2; list<int>::iterator mid;

for (int i = 0; i < 100; ++i)

l.push_back(i); lIter1 = l.begin(); lIter2 = l.end();

mid = lIter1 + (lIter2 lIter1)/2;

cout << *mid << endl;

(c) vector<int> v; vector<int>::iterator vIter1; vector<int>::iterator vIter2; vector<int>::iterator mid;

for (int i = 0; i < 100; ++i)

v.push_back(i); vIter1 = v.begin(); vIter2 = v.end();

mid = vIter1 + (vIter2 vIter1)/2;

cout << *mid << endl;

5. For the List class, what if the following code for the method remove was used. Would it work correctly? Explain.

void remove( const Object & x )

{

Node * prev = header->next;

while ( prev != nullptr )

{

if ( prev->next->data == x )

erase_after( iterator(prev) );

else

prev = prev->next;

}

}

6. For the linked list implementation of the ADT stack, show the conceptual representation of the contents of the stack for each line of code below:

Stack<char> s; s.push(’a’); s.push(’b’); s.push(’d’); s.pop(); s.push(’c’); s.pop(); s.pop();

7. For your linked list implementation of the ADT queue, show the conceptual representation of the contents of the stack for each line of code below:

Queue<char> q; q.enqueue(’a’); q.enqueue(’b’); q.enqueue(’d’); q.dequeue(); q.enqueue(’c’); q.dequeue(); q.dequeue();