Lab 6 Files Solution

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Description

Purpose

Purpose is to practice using file input and output, and array list of objects.  Also, this

document tells you only what to do, you now have more responsibility to design how to do it.

 

 

 

Problem description

You are given a text file called ‘Students.txt’ that contains information on many students.  Your program reads the file, creating many Student objects, all of which will be stored into an array list of Student objects, in the Students class.  The Tester class controls everything, calling many Students class methods to produce lots of different outputs.  The program must write the output to an output file and to the Terminal Window.

 

 

 

File and class specifications

Students.txt file format

Information for each student is stored in the file as 3 lines of text:

 

name age GPA

 

e.g. the following shows data for two students:

 

Name0

22

1.2

Name1

22

2.71

 

 

 

Student class

The Student class has instance variables and methods to represent one single student.

 

Your Student class must have exactly and only the following instance variables:

 

private String name; private int age; private double gpa;

 

 

 

Design appropriate constructors and other methods for your Student class, including:

 

+ toString() – returns a String containing the 3 instance variables e.g.

 

Name0       22    1.2

 

 

 

Students class

Very importantly, the Students class is used to store and process many Student objects. It will have an instance variable to store many Student objects.  Methods intended to process many Student objects belong in this Students class.

 

Your Students class must have exactly and only the following instance variable:

 

private ArrayList<Student> students;

 

students here is an array list of Student objects, in which all of the Student objects are stored.

 

Students must have appropriate constructors and methods, including the following:

 

+ readFile() – opens the data file, reads the data, creates Student objects, and adds them to the students array list

 

+ toString() – returns a String containing a line of information for each Student in the students array list. Will call Student’s toString() to do this.  For example:

 

Name0 22 1.2
Name1 22 2.71

 

Many other methods for processing a Students object. Most of the code you write will be in this class.

 

 

 

Reading the data file

Your program will use the Scanner class to read from the data file, as demonstrated during the Week 13. Files lecture.

 

 

 

Writing the output file

Your program must use the PrintWriter class to save all its output to the output.txt file, as demonstrated during the Week 13. Files lecture.  It will also send the same output to the BlueJ Terminal Window, as usual.

 

 

 

Tester class

The Tester class controls everything.  Tester does not have any instance variables.

You have to write the Tester class.

 

Tester contains only a main() method, which first creates a single Students object (and a PrintWriter object). The Students object then calls a separate Students method to do each of the 6 different tasks below.  You must design appropriate parameters and

return values, in particular so that all program output to Terminal Window and

output.txt is done from main().  In pseudocode:

 

+ main()

create an empty Students object

create a new PrintWriter object to create the ‘output.txt’ output file

 

read data file into Students

print all Student objects from Students print the Student with the best GPA calculate and print the average GPA

print the youngest Student who has a GPA below average print just the names of all the students

 

 

 

Hints

  • the Students.txt data file is available at Blackboard, Course Documents, Week 14 folder, Example programs. You must copy it into your Lab 6 BlueJ project folder

 

  • you will need to add throws IOException to your Tester class main() method header and the Students class readFile() method header. For example, in Tester:

 

public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException

 

This prevents a file handling syntax error:  “unreported exception

java.io.IOException; must be caught or declared to be thrown”

 

  • (you may want to review array lists from Blackboard, Course documents, Week 7

Arrays and array lists)

 

  • it is important in this lab always to keep in mind that each element in the Students

class array list is itself an entire Student object

 

  • it is essential that you draw pictures of the objects involved in your program, so that you are always aware of the data type you are working with

 

 

 

 

  • the 6 different actions above will each be implemented as a separate public Students method, called from main() by the Students object, using appropriate parameters and return types

 

  • (by the way, there is no inheritance in this lab)

 

 

 

Syntax for processing an array list of objects

  • the syntax for processing an array list of Student objects is exactly as you would expect. For example, here’s a method that prints all the Students with GPAs above the average

 

–    first, the method call in main().  Since we must do all printing from main(), we design aboveAverage() to return a new Students object:

 

System.out.printf(“\nGPAs above the average of %.2f\n”, gpa); ot.printf(“\nGPAs above the average of %.2f\n”, gpa); System.out.println(students.aboveAverage(gpa).toString()); ot.println(students.aboveAverage(gpa).toString());

 

–    since aboveAverage() deals with many students, it would be part of the Students class.  It creates a new Students object in which to return many Student objects:

 

 

public Students aboveAverage(double avgGPA)

{

Students aboveAverage = new Students();

 

for (int i = 0; i < students.size(); ++i) { if (students.get(i).getGPA() > avgGPA) aboveAverage.add(students.get(i));

 

}

return aboveAverage;

}

syntax to call a method on a Student

object in the students array list

 

 

 

–    see that it calls a method getGPA(), that must directly return the GPA of a student.  So getGPA() would be part of the Student class:

 

public double getGPA()

{

return gpa;

}

 

–   it also calls a method add(), that takes a Student object and adds it to a

Students object.  So add() would be part of the Students class:

 

 

 

public void add(Student s)

{

students.add(s);

}

 

 

 

Designing method return types

  • the natural unit of an object-oriented program is an object. So methods returning results tend to return entire objects.  Some hypothetical examples to illustrate this:

 

–   e.g. bestStudent() returns a single student, so would return a Student object.

Method header would be something like:

 

public Student bestStudent(~~~~~~)

 

–   e.g. studentsAboveAverage() returns many students, so would return a

Students object.  Method header would be something like:

 

public Students studentsAboveAverage(~~~~~~)

 

–    (of course methods can also return non-object data types if that is appropriate) e.g. averageGPA() returns the average GPA, so method header would be something like:

 

public double averageGPA()

 

 

 

Required

  • your program must work for a file containing any number of students

 

  • you are required this time to use PrintWriter to create your output.txt output file.

Cannot just save the Terminal Window output as usual

 

  • your program must clearly label each part of the output e.g. “Student with best GPA

is:”, “Average GPA is: “, “Youngest student below average GPA is:”, etc

 

  • use good programming practices regarding encapsulation of class instance variables i.e. all must be declared private as shown above

 

  • every method must have a clear, meaningful Javadoc comment

 

  • automatically and routinely use all the other components of simplicity and clarity, as listed in Blackboard, Course Information, “How labs are graded”

 

 

 

Lab 6 submission

  • deadline for this lab is 3 weeks, by end of Sunday 5/15

 

 

 

–    you will lose points if you do not include a file named output.txt containing the output of your program

 

  • your email Subject line must say ‘CSCI 114 Lab 6’ followed by your full name, so that it filters to the correct email folder for grading

 

–   you will lose points if you format your email Subject incorrectly

 

–   e.g. my email Subject would be:

 

CSCI 114 Lab 6 Anthony W. Smith

 

  • this is a graded lab, so a reminder that you may not copy code from other people

 

  • reminder that late labs will be penalized 2 points per week or part of week late