Programming Assignment #2 Solution

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Description

Objectives:

  1. Implement 2-connection client-server network application

  2. Practice using the sockets API

  3. Refresh programming skills

The Program:

Design and implement a simple file transfer system, i.e., create a file transfer server and a file transfer client. Write the ftserver and the ftclient programs. The final version of your programs must accomplish the following tasks:

  1. ftserver starts on Host A, and validates command-line parameters (<SERVER_PORT>).

  2. ftserver waits on <PORTNUM> for a client request.

  3. ftclient starts on Host B, and validates any pertinent command-line parameters. (<SERVER_HOST>, <SERVER_PORT>, <COMMAND>, <FILENAME>, <DATA_PORT>, etc…)

  4. ftserver and ftclient establish a TCP control connection on <SERVER_PORT>. (For the remainder of this description, call this connection P)

  5. ftserver waits on connection P for ftclient to send a command.

  6. ftclient sends a command (-l (list) or -g <FILENAME> (get)) on connection P.

  7. ftserver receives command on connection P.

If ftclient sent an invalid command

  • ftserver sends an error message to ftclient on connection P, and ftclient

displays the message on-screen.

otherwise

  • ftserver initiates a TCP data connection with ftclient on <DATA_PORT>. (Call this connection Q)

  • If ftclient has sent the -l command, ftserver sends its directory to ftclient on connection Q, and ftclient displays the directory on-screen.

  • If ftclient has sent -g <FILENAME>, ftserver validates FILENAME, and either

    • sends the contents of FILENAME on connection Q. ftclient saves the

file in the current default directory (handling “duplicate file name” error if necessary), and displays a “transfer complete” message on-screen

or

      • sends an appropriate error message (“File not found”, etc.) to ftclient on connection P, and ftclient displays the message on-screen.

    • ftserver closes connection Q (don’t leave open sockets!).

  1. ftclient closes connection P (don’t leave open sockets!) and terminates.

  2. ftserver repeats from 2 (above) until terminated by a supervisor (SIGINT).

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Program Requirements:

  • ftserver must be written in C.

  • ftclient must be written in Java or Python.

  • Of course, your program must be well-modularized and well-documented.

  • Your programs must run on a flip server: (flip1, flip2, flip3).engr.oregonstate.edu o Probably the best way to do this is to use SSH Secure Shell, Putty, or another terminal emulator to log onto access.engr.oregonstate.edu using your ENGR

username/password and note which flip you get.

o It will be easiest if you bring up two instances of the shell on the separate flip servers and use one to run the server, and the other to run the client (this is how I will be testing!).

  • You may not use sendfile or any other predefined function that makes the problem trivial.

  • Your program should be able to send a complete text file. You are not required to handle an “out of memory” error. Separate grading for short text files and long text files.

  • Use the directories in which the programs are running. Don’t hard-code any directories that might be inaccessible to the graders.

  • Combine all program files into one *.zip archive (no .7z or .gz allowed). The .zip file should not contain any folders – only files!

  • If you use additional include-files or make-files, be sure to include them in your .zip file.

  • Create a README containing detailed instructions on how to compile and run your server and client.

  • Be absolutely sure to cite any references and credit any collaborators. I’m sick of giving failing grades for people not doing this.

Options:

There are many possibilities for extra credit. All extra credit must be documented and referenced in your program description and README.txt to receive any credit. Here are a few ideas to get you started:

  • Make your server multi-threaded.

  • Implement username/password access to the server.

  • Allow client to change directory on the server.

  • Transfer files additional to text files (e.g. binary files) (a text file with a non-.txt extension doesn’t count.

  • etc…

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Notes:

  • Beej’s Guide will be helpful. It has many things you’ll need for this assignment.

  • Don’t hard-code the port numbers

  • Don’t use the well-known FTP port numbers, or 30021 or 30020, as these will be probably in use (by network services or other students).

  • We will test your system with text files only (unless your README specifies additional file types), one very large and one small.

  • If you implement extra credit features, be sure to fully describe those features, and how to use them, in your README, or you won’t receive any extra credit.

  • Programs will be accepted up to 48 hours late with a 10% penalty per 24-hour period.

Example Execution:

SERVER (flip1)

CLIENT (flip2)

Input to console

Output

Input to Console

Output

> ftserver 30021

Server open on 30021

> ftclient flip1 30021 –l 30020

Connection from flip2.

List directory requested

on port 30020.

Sending directory

contents to flip2:30020

Receiving directory

structure from

flip1:30020

shortfile.txt

longfile.txt

> ftclient flip1 30021 –g

shortfile.txt 30020

Connection from flip2.

File “shortfile.txt”

requested on port 30020.

Sending “shortfile.txt”

to flip2:30020

Receiving

shortfile.txt”

from flip1:30020

File transfer

complete.

> ftclient flip1 30021 –g

longfileee.txt 30020

Connection from flip2.

File “longfileee.txt”

requested on port 30020.

File not found. Sending

error message to

flip2:30021

flip1:30021 says

FILE NOT FOUND

>

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